Ponte Vecchio is closed-spandrel segmental arch bridge in Florence, Italy. First French Empire 1807–1815 Florence Cathedral, formally the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore, is the cathedral of Florence, Italy. Other traits include using a form of the subjunctive mood last commonly used in medieval times, a frequent usage in everyday speech of the modern subjunctive, and a shortened pronunciation of the definite article, [i] instead of "il", causing doubling of the consonant that follows, so that il cane 'the dog', for example, is pronounced [ikˈkaːne]. They are filled with the creations of Donatello, Verrochio, Desiderio da Settignano, Michelangelo and others. In 2016, Florence had 20,588 hotel rooms in 570 facilities. Welcome to the NicknameDB entry on italia nicknames!  From 1865 to 1871 the city served as the capital of the Kingdom of Italy (established in 1861). These bring another dimension to city life and set Florence apart from other cities. Marie de' Medici married Henry IV of France and gave birth to the future King Louis XIII. , In 2013, Florence was listed as the second best world city by Condé Nast Traveler. In 1200 the city was home to 50,000 people. Among the square's cafés (like Caffè Gilli, Paszkowski or the Hard Rock Cafè), the Giubbe Rosse café has long been a meeting place for artists and writers, notably those of Futurism. A Brief History.  Dante's masterpiece is the Divine Comedy, which mainly deals with the poet himself taking an allegoric and moral tour of Hell, Purgatory and finally Heaven, during which he meets numerous mythological or real characters of his age or before. The Boroughs are: All of the five boroughs are governed by the Democratic Party. , Their works, together with those of many other generations of artists, are gathered in the several museums of the town: the Uffizi Gallery, the Palatina gallery with the paintings of the "Golden Ages", the Bargello with the sculptures of the Renaissance, the museum of San Marco with Fra Angelico's works, the Academy, the chapels of the Medicis Buonarroti's house with the sculptures of Michelangelo, the following museums: Bardini, Horne, Stibbert, Romano, Corsini, The Gallery of Modern Art, the Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, the museum of Silverware and the museum of Precious Stones. Florence's museums, palaces, and churches home a few of the best imaginative treasures in the world. The palace was long time the residence of Florence's rulers until 1919, when it had been approved to the Italian state, which developed the palace into a museum complex. Florence was selected to host the 2013 UCI World Road Cycling Championships.  Residents of one section, therefore, will only be able to drive in their district and perhaps some surrounding ones. It is located in Piazza della Stazione, near the Fortezza da Basso (a masterpiece of the military Renaissance architecture) and the Viali di Circonvallazione, and in front of the Basilica of Santa Maria Novella's apse from which it takes its name.  It has hot summers with moderate or light rainfall and cool, damp winters. Florence has been an important scientific centre for centuries, notably during the Renaissance with scientists such as Leonardo da Vinci.  It was built in the style of an army camp with the main streets, the cardo and the decumanus, intersecting at the present Piazza della Repubblica. On September 3, 1783, the treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War was signed in Paris, France, thus becoming known as the Treaty of Paris.. Paris is often referred to as “ The City of Ligh t,” and many other cities have notable nicknames as well. Florence's main upscale shopping street is Via de' Tornabuoni, where major luxury fashion houses and jewellery labels, such as Armani and Bulgari, have their elegant boutiques. When the French king Charles VIII invaded northern Italy, Piero II chose to resist his army. The typically saltless Tuscan bread, obtained with natural levain frequently features in Florentine courses, especially in its soups, ribollita and pappa al pomodoro, or in the salad of bread and fresh vegetables called panzanella that is served in summer. The current mayor of Florence is Dario Nardella. Other churches in Florence include the Basilica of Santa Maria Novella, located in Santa Maria Novella square (near the Firenze Santa Maria Novella railway station) which contains works by Masaccio, Paolo Uccello, Filippino Lippi and Domenico Ghirlandaio; the Basilica of Santa Croce, the principal Franciscan church in the city, which is situated on the Piazza di Santa Croce, about 800 metres (2,600 feet) south east of the Duomo, and is the burial place of some of the most illustrious Italians, such as Michelangelo, Galileo, Machiavelli, Foscolo, Rossini, thus it is known also as the Temple of the Italian Glories (Tempio dell'Itale Glorie); the Basilica of San Lorenzo, which is one of the largest churches in the city, situated at the centre of Florence's main market district, and the burial place of all the principal members of the Medici family from Cosimo il Vecchio to Cosimo III; Santo Spirito, in the Oltrarno quarter, facing the square with the same name; Orsanmichele, whose building was constructed on the site of the kitchen garden of the monastery of San Michele, now demolished; Santissima Annunziata, a Roman Catholic basilica and the mother church of the Servite order; Ognissanti, which was founded by the lay order of the Umiliati, and is among the first examples of Baroque architecture built in the city; the Santa Maria del Carmine, in the Oltrarno district of Florence, which is the location of the Brancacci Chapel, housing outstanding Renaissance frescoes by Masaccio and Masolino da Panicale, later finished by Filippino Lippi; the Medici Chapel with statues by Michelangelo, in the San Lorenzo; as well as several others, including Santa Trinita, San Marco, Santa Felicita, Badia Fiorentina, San Gaetano, San Miniato al Monte, Florence Charterhouse, and Santa Maria del Carmine. Florentine bankers financed the English kings during the Hundred Years War.  The book specified a new term, in use by the 1630s, called monody which indicated the combination of voice and basso continuo and connoted a practice of stating text in a free, lyrical, yet speech-like manner. The event originates from the Middle Ages, when the most important Florentine nobles amused themselves playing while wearing bright costumes. They similarly financed the papacy, including the construction of their provisional capital of Avignon and, after their return to Rome, the reconstruction and Renaissance embellishment of Rome. Or other people will. A History of Western Music. It is brilliant for family travel as well. Cute Italian Nicknames for Guys.  The city's convention centre facilities were restructured during the 1990s and host exhibitions, conferences, meetings, social forums, concerts and other events all year. Similarly, t between vowels is pronounced [θ] as in English thin, and p in the same position is the bilabial fricative [ɸ]. A new high-speed rail station is under construction and is contracted to be operational by 2015. Roma = Caput mundi,… Galileo and other scientists pioneered the study of optics, ballistics, astronomy, anatomy, and other scientific disciplines. In 1837 she felt she heard a call from God, though the nature of the calling was unclear. In recent years, most of the important works of art from the two buildings – and from the nearby Giotto's Campanile, have been removed and replaced by copies. Grand Duchy of Tuscany 1569–1801 Florence contains several palaces and buildings from various eras. An estimate by the OECD put the number of people of the city area of Rome at 3.47 million. I love the name Florence, but I can't think of a nickname.. Any ideas? Italy (Italian: Italia ()), officially the Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Italiana [reˈpubːlika itaˈljaːna]), is a country consisting of a continental part, delimited by the Alps and a peninsula surrounded by several islands.Italy is located in south-central Europe, and is considered part of western Europe. After the year 1600, Italian trends prevailed across Europe, by 1750 it was the primary musical language. Eastern Roman Empire 553–568 Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a country in Europe with a long Mediterranean shoreline.It is located at the center of the Mediterranean Sea. Absolute Location: – 43º 46’19.9 N 11º14’54.4 E The building acquired its current name when the Medici duke's residence was moved across the Arno to the Palazzo Pitti. Tickets for The Uffizi and Accademia can be purchased online prior to visiting. The Ponte Vecchio, The San Lorenzo Market and Santa Maria Novella are plagued by pickpockets. The project proposed by Brunelleschi in the 14th century was the largest ever built at the time, and the first major dome built in Europe since the two great domes of Roman times – the Pantheon in Rome, and Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. Here also is the seat of the Istituto Nazionale del Rinascimento and the noted Gabinetto Vieusseux, with the library and reading room. It is linked to the Uffizi and the Palazzo Pitti through the Corridoio Vasariano.  The present city of Florence was established by Julius Caesar in 59 BC as a settlement for his veteran soldiers and was named originally Fluentia, owing to the fact that it was built between two rivers, which was later changed to Florentia ("flowering").  Medieval art was abstract, formulaic, and largely produced by monks whereas Renaissance art was rational, mathematical, individualistic, consisted of linear perspective and shading (Chiaroscuro) and produced by specialists (Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello, Michelangelo, and Raphael). The female squad of ACF Fiorentina have won the women's association football Italian Championship of the 2016–17 season. Florence is in the region of Tuscany. The genre of the Madrigal, born in Italy, gained popularity in Britain and elsewhere. Grout, Donald Jay, Donald Jay Grout, and Claude V. Palisca.  The Uffizi is one of these, having a very large collection of international and Florentine art. La Dotta (The Learned) Bologna University, founded in 1088, is the oldest university in the western world and students came from all over the world to study there. From A World of Baby Names by Teresa Norman. Create good names for games, profiles, brands or social networks. Rome is the capital city of Italy.It is also the capital and largest city in the region of Lazio, and the geographical region of Latium.It is on the Tiber River and has 2.8 million people. During the 14th–16th century, Florence achieved preeminence in commerce, finance, learning, and especially the … In 1013, construction began on the Basilica di San Miniato al Monte. (A round plate in the ground marks the spot where he was hanged), This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 02:44. Regnum Italiae 797–1001 Near the cart there is a model of a dove, which, according to legend, is a symbol of good luck for the city: at the end of the Easter mass, the dove emerges from the nave of the Duomo and ignites the fireworks on the cart. I'm not opposed to nicknames; however, I don't like being called anything but my own first name. .Hanning, Barbara Russano, J. Peter Burkholder, Donald Jay Grout, and Claude V. Palisca.  The highest officially recorded temperature was 42.6 °C (108.7 °F) on 26 July 1983 and the lowest was −23.2 °C (−9.8 °F) on 12 January 1985.  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