ts eliot works

He became a British subject in 1927 at the age of 39, subsequently renouncing his American citizenship.[6]. We’re going to free your mind with our amazing data base that we’ve set up to help you find solutions to lots of clues, among them TS Eliot works … Biography of T. S. Eliot T.S. "Ash-Wednesday" is the first long poem written by Eliot after his 1927 conversion to Anglicanism. While carrying on a tradition of public service, the Eliots never forgot their New England ties. (For an informative short documentary about Eliot’s poem, which analyses The Waste Land in under four minutes, see this Youtube video.).) [12], A pageant play by Eliot called The Rock was performed in 1934 for the benefit of churches in the Diocese of London. [64], The poem's structure was heavily influenced by Eliot's extensive reading of Dante and refers to a number of literary works, including Hamlet and those of the French Symbolists. "[59], Typically, Eliot first published his poems individually in periodicals or in small books or pamphlets and then collected them in books. Eliot Biographical T homas Stearns Eliot (1888-1965) was born in St. Louis, Missouri, of an old New England family. Exceptions are Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats (1939), a collection of light verse; Poems Written in Early Youth, posthumously published in 1967 and consisting mainly of poems published between 1907 and 1910 in The Harvard Advocate, and Inventions of the March Hare: Poems 1909–1917, material Eliot never intended to have published, which appeared posthumously in 1997. Eliot adds,“The last twist of the knife.” The fact that life goes on like this forever and is always going to be bleak is the worst part of the situation. Eliot (1888-1965), American-British poet and literary critic, author of Prufrock and Other Observations(1917) won numerous awards and honours in his lifetime, including the Nobel … They're definitely Modernist in style. [97], Addressing some of the common criticisms directed against The Waste Land at the time, Gilbert Seldes stated, "It seems at first sight remarkably disconnected and confused... [however] a closer view of the poem does more than illuminate the difficulties; it reveals the hidden form of the work, [and] indicates how each thing falls into place."[98]. Eliot is one of the most important and influential poets of the twentieth century. When he's starting out, he publishes 'The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock' in 1915. ), The following is a list of plays by T. S. Eliot arranged chronologically by first edition. [101], The depiction of Jews in some of Eliot's poems has led several critics to accuse him of antisemitism. Eliot's widow Valerie Eliot dies at 86", "Famous names whose final stop was Golders Green crematorium", "National Poetry Day on Premier 2013 – Premier", "East Coker does not deserve the taint of TS Eliot's narcissistic gloom", "An introduction to Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats", "Eliot's Affirmative Way: Julian of Norwich, Charles Williams, and Little Gidding", T. S. Eliot at the Institute for Advanced Study, "T. S. Eliot :: The Waste Land And Criticism", "The Jewish Question: British Anti-Semitism", "T. S. Eliot on Literary Morals: On T. S. Eliot's, "FIRST ENCOUNTERS : When James Joyce met TS Eliot", "A Graphic Revolution: Talking Poetry & Politics with Giannina Braschi", "About Giannina Braschi | Academy of American Poets", "Instagram photo by The Phi Beta Kappa Society • Jul 15, 2015 at 7:44 pm UTC", Biography From T. S. Eliot Lives' and Legacies, official listing of T. S. Eliot's works with some available in full, doollee.com listing of T S Eliot's works written for the stage, "Archival material relating to T. S. Eliot", Links to audio recordings of Eliot reading his work, The Awefull Battle of the Pekes and the Pollicles, T. S. Eliot Prize (Truman State University), The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee, Cats: Complete Original Broadway Cast Recording, Cats: Highlights from the Motion Picture Soundtrack, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=T._S._Eliot&oldid=995141637, Naturalised citizens of the United Kingdom, People who lost United States citizenship, Writers who illustrated their own writing, 20th-century American dramatists and playwrights, Academics of Birkbeck, University of London, People associated with University of London Worldwide, Institute for Advanced Study visiting scholars, Commandeurs of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, Recipients of the Pour le Mérite (civil class), Converts to Anglicanism from Unitarianism, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with disputed statements from March 2014, Nobelprize template using Wikidata property P8024, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Thirteen Honorary Doctorates (Including ones from Oxford, Cambridge, the Sorbonne, and Harvard), "The Birds of Prey" (a short story; 1905), "A Tale of a Whale" (a short story; 1905), "The Man Who Was King" (a short story; 1905), "The Wine and the Puritans" (review, 1909), "[A Lyric:]'If Time and Space as Sages say'" (1905), "Song: 'If space and time, as sages say'" (1907), "Song: 'When we came home across the hill'" (1909). [41] He also had wider spiritual interests, commenting that "I see the path of progress for modern man in his occupation with his own self, with his inner being" and citing Goethe and Rudolf Steiner as exemplars of such a direction. These honours are displayed in order of precedence based on Eliot's nationality and rules of protocol, not awarding date. T.S. [1], The following is a list of books of poetry by T. S. Eliot arranged chronologically by first edition. The Waste Land. Eliot stood behind a lectern in the Kaufmann Concert Hall at the 92nd Street Y and read some of his best work … His style became less ironic, and the poems were no longer populated by multiple characters in dialogue. Eliot wrote to Conrad Aiken on New Year's Eve 1914: "I hate university towns and university people, who are the same everywhere, with pregnant wives, sprawling children, many books and hideous pictures on the walls ... Oxford is very pretty, but I don't like to be dead. He received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948 "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry." Craig Raine, in his books In Defence of T. S. Eliot (2001) and T. S. Eliot (2006), sought to defend Eliot from the charge of anti-Semitism. He moved to England and began a strained marriage with Vivian Haigh-Wood in 1915. Eliot first attracted widespread attention for his poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" in 1915, which was received as a modernist masterpiece. Eliot, T. S. "Burbank with a Baedeker: Bleistein with a Cigar". The culmination of this search as well as of Eliot’s poetic writing is his meditation on time and history, the works known collectively as Four Quartets (1943): Burnt Norton (1941), East Coker (1940), The Dry … [3] Later he taught at the Royal Grammar School, High Wycombe, a state school in Buckinghamshire. [3][75], In 1939, Eliot published a book of light verse, Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats ("Old Possum" was Ezra Pound's nickname for him). Much of it was a collaborative effort; Eliot accepted credit only for the authorship of one scene and the choruses. Pound instantly deemed Eliot "worth watching" and was crucial to Eliot's beginning career as a poet, as he is credited with promoting Eliot through social events and literary gatherings. Eliot regarded Four Quartets as his masterpiece, and it is the work that led to his being awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. This one, Murder in the Cathedral, concerning the death of the martyr, Thomas Becket, was more under Eliot's control. "[107] In another review of Raine's 2006 book, the literary critic Terry Eagleton also questioned the validity of Raine's defence of Eliot's character flaws as well as the entire basis for Raine's book, writing, "Why do critics feel a need to defend the authors they write on, like doting parents deaf to all criticism of their obnoxious children? The result, fueled by intermittent rediscovery of Eliot's occasional anti-Semitic rhetoric, has been a progressive downward revision of his once towering reputation. "[2], Although Eliot's poetry is not as influential as it once was, notable literary scholars, like Harold Bloom[100] and Stephen Greenblatt,[101] still acknowledge that Eliot's poetry is central to the literary English canon. But in its sources, in its emotional springs, it comes from America."[61]. [8] In his memoir of Eliot, his friend Robert Sencourt comments that the young Eliot "would often curl up in the window-seat behind an enormous book, setting the drug of dreams against the pain of living. Retrieved 25 February 2012. WORKS Prufrock and Other Observations This collection of poems contains one of Eliot’s first and most well-known poems, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock. On 15 November 1922, he wrote to Richard Aldington, saying, "As for The Waste Land, that is a thing of the past so far as I am concerned and I am now feeling toward a new form and style. In my end is my beginning. "[94], Charles Powell was negative in his criticism of Eliot, calling his poems incomprehensible. On a trip to Paris in August 1920 with the artist Wyndham Lewis, he met the writer James Joyce. Eliot, T. S. 1920. In a letter addressed to Ezra Pound, she covers an extensive list of her symptoms, which included a habitually high temperature, fatigue, insomnia, migraines, and colitis. "[79], After The Waste Land (1922), he wrote that he was "now feeling toward a new form and style". When Harvard offered him the Charles Eliot Norton professorship for the 1932–1933 academic year, he accepted and left Vivienne in England. Thomas Stearns Eliot was a poet, dramatist and literary critic. Quotations by T. S. Eliot, American Poet, Born September 26, 1888. It reaches out like a clear signal to the reader." [77] Eliot's experiences as an air raid warden in the Blitz power the poem, and he imagines meeting Dante during the German bombing. Its reception in London can be gauged from an unsigned review in The Times Literary Supplement on 21 June 1917. To me, it brought the state of mind out of which came The Waste Land."[31]. Thomas Stearns Eliot was born on September 26, 1888, in St. Louis, Missouri, the seventh and last child of Henry Ware Eliot, a brick manufacturer, and Charlotte (Stearns) Eliot… [43] From 1933 to 1946 Eliot had a close emotional relationship with Emily Hale. Poems by T. S. Eliot and biography at PoetryFoundation.org, The Awefull Battle of the Pekes and the Pollicles, T. S. Eliot Prize (Truman State University), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=T._S._Eliot_bibliography&oldid=993460822, Short description with empty Wikidata description, Pages using infobox author bibliography with unknown parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Eeldrop and Appleplex", both parts, The Foundling Press, Tunbridge Wells (1992) limited edition of 500 copies, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 18:55. "[78], The Four Quartets draws upon Christian theology, art, symbolism and language of such figures as Dante, and mystics St. John of the Cross and Julian of Norwich. In regard to The Waste Land, Wilson admits its flaws ("its lack of structural unity"), but concluded, "I doubt whether there is a single other poem of equal length by a contemporary American which displays so high and so varied a mastery of English verse. Retrieved 25 February 2012..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}, Conversion to Anglicanism and British citizenship. 3 Kensington Court Gardens, has had a blue plaque on it since 1986. One project he had in mind was writing a play in verse, using some of the rhythms of early jazz. After Eliot's death, Valerie dedicated her time to preserving his legacy, by editing and annotating The Letters of T. S. Eliot and a facsimile of the draft of The Waste Land. quoted in Roger Kimball, "A Craving for Reality". [20] The Harvard Advocate published some of his poems and he became lifelong friends with Conrad Aiken, the American writer and critic. “Marina” - “Marina” is Eliot’s most beautiful poem. “For last year's words belong to last year's language. They're definitely Modernist in style. In a 1933 lecture he said "Every poet would like, I fancy, to be able to think that he had some direct social utility . [22] Eliot was awarded a scholarship to Merton College, Oxford, in 1914. [11] His first published poem, "A Fable For Feasters", was written as a school exercise and was published in the Smith Academy Record in February 1905. '"[2], The initial critical response to Eliot's The Waste Land was mixed. All of T. S. Eliot Poems. [55] A wall plaque in the church commemorates him with a quotation from his poem East Coker: "In my beginning is my end. [19] Frank Kermode writes that the most important moment of Eliot's undergraduate career was in 1908 when he discovered Arthur Symons's The Symbolist Movement in Literature. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. [58], For a poet of his stature, Eliot produced a relatively small number of poems. "[57], The apartment block where he died, No. He began to write poetry when he was 14 under the influence of Edward Fitzgerald's translation of the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam. After leaving Merton, Eliot worked as a schoolteacher, most notably at Highgate School, a private school in London, where he taught French and Latin—his students included the young John Betjeman. In 1954, the composer Alan Rawsthorne set six of the poems for speaker and orchestra in a work titled Practical Cats. [94] Wilson also pointed out some of Eliot's weaknesses as a poet. Nobel Prize. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Some scholars have suggested that she and Russell had an affair, but the allegations were never confirmed.[29]. For instance, though Ransom negatively criticised The Waste Land for its "extreme disconnection", Ransom was not completely condemnatory of Eliot's work and admitted that Eliot was a talented poet. Concordance TSEBase: The Online Concordance to TS Eliot… 1.E.8. His unique and innovative evocations of the folly and poetry of humanity helped reshape modern literature, with … T. S. Eliot grew up in St. Louis, Missouri. For the critic Edmund Wilson, it marked "The nadir of the phase of despair and desolation given such effective expression in "The Waste Land". "[27] Less than four months later, Thayer introduced Eliot to Vivienne Haigh-Wood, a Cambridge governess. Bush, Ronald. Study Eliot with this text, which includes an extensive biography of the aut Brand, Clinton A. Edmund Wilson, being one of the critics who praised Eliot, called him "one of our only authentic poets". It was defeated by two votes after Eliot reminded the students how much they owed American culture.[23]. If we really want to pray we must first learn to listen, for in the silence of the heart God speaks. It was Pound who helped most, introducing him everywhere. Eliot during the years 1898-1922 have been collected in the book: Eliot, T.S. Poems Collection of twelve poems written by T.S. "[36] After this, he worked on more "commercial" plays for more general audiences: The Family Reunion (1939), The Cocktail Party (1949), The Confidential Clerk, (1953) and The Elder Statesman (1958) (the latter three were produced by Henry Sherek and directed by E. Martin Browne[80]). The marriage was markedly unhappy, in part because of Vivienne's health problems. Although Eliot did not finish the play, he did publish two scenes from the piece. This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 13:22. "The Voice of This Calling: The Enduring Legacy of T. S. Eliot", Bush, Ronald, 'The Presence of the Past: Ethnographic Thinking/ Literary Politics'. The couple formally separated in 1933 and in 1938 Vivienne's brother, Maurice, had her committed to a mental hospital, against her will, where she remained until her death of heart disease in 1947. [81][82], Regarding his method of playwriting, Eliot explained, "If I set out to write a play, I start by an act of choice. And next year's words await another voice.” ― … [3] It consists of four long poems, each first published separately: "Burnt Norton" (1936), "East Coker" (1940), "The Dry Salvages" (1941) and "Little Gidding" (1942). "[83], In his critical essay "Tradition and the Individual Talent", Eliot argues that art must be understood not in a vacuum, but in the context of previous pieces of art. Eliot's grandfather, William Greenleaf Eliot, Unitarian minister and founder of schools, a university, and charities, was the family patriarch, or leader. Eliot, including Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats, and The Waste Land and Other Poems, and more on ThriftBooks.com. A discussion of Part I of T.S. [3] He was also known for his seven plays, particularly Murder in the Cathedral (1935) and The Cocktail Party (1949). 32 Copy quote. Contains previously unpublished poems and drafts of poems. . This structural complexity is one of the reasons why the poem has become a touchstone of modern literature, a poetic counterpart to a novel published in the same year, James Joyce's Ulysses.[69]. Welcome to our site, providing links, resources, news and listings for Eliot scholars and enthusiasts. "[109] Eliot never re-published this book/lecture. T.S. This edition of The Complete Poems and Plays, published for the first time in paperback, includes all of his verse and work … Its now-famous opening lines, comparing the evening sky to "a patient etherised upon a table", were considered shocking and offensive, especially at a time when Georgian Poetry was hailed for its derivations of the nineteenth century Romantic Poets. [86] This notion concedes that a poem means what it says, but suggests that there can be a non-subjective judgment based on different readers' different—but perhaps corollary—interpretations of a work. Eliot's dedication to il miglior fabbro ("the better craftsman") refers to Ezra Pound's significant hand in editing and reshaping the poem from a longer Eliot manuscript to the shortened version that appears in publication. [37][38] He specifically identified as Anglo-Catholic, proclaiming himself "classicist in literature, royalist in politics, and anglo-catholic [sic] in religion". He was educated at Harvard and did graduate work in philosophy at the Sorbonne, Harvard, and Merton College, Oxford. 'Throughout all his greater works says Johnson) there prevails an uniform peculiarity of diction, a mode and cast of expression which bears little resemblance to that of any former writer; and which is so far removed from common use, that an unlearned reader, when he first opens the book, finds himself surprised by a new language. Eliot's paternal grandfather, William Greenleaf Eliot, had moved to St. Louis, Missouri,[3][7] to establish a Unitarian Christian church there. Although Eliot noted that this was not intended to be a one-act play, it is sometimes performed as one. November 13, 2012. "[36], By 1932, Eliot had been contemplating a separation from his wife for some time. His early and experimental poetical works depict a bleak and barren soullessness, often in spare yet finely crafted modern verse; [60], During an interview in 1959, Eliot said of his nationality and its role in his work: "I'd say that my poetry has obviously more in common with my distinguished contemporaries in America than with anything written in my generation in England. Born in Missouri on September 26, 1888, T. S. Eliot is the author of The Waste Land, which is … Eliot's "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" from the online course Classics of American Literature: T.S. Born in Missouri on September 26, 1888, T. S. Eliot is the author of The Waste Land, which is now considered by many to be the most influential poetic work of the twentieth century. New York: Harcourt Brace & Company 1988 ISBN 0-15-150885-2 Miscellaneous works Currently the website only has Eeldrop and Applexplex, the only He was aware of this even early in his career. His first collection was Prufrock and Other Observations (1917). By 1916, he had completed a doctoral dissertation for Harvard on "Knowledge and Experience in the Philosophy of F. H. Bradley", but he failed to return for the viva voce exam. One: the Church of England offered Eliot some hope for himself, and I think Eliot needed some resting place. [1], The following is a list of works about T. S. Eliot and his works.[1]. He is a staple of English literature classes and one of the … After Eliot's death, the book was adapted as the basis of the musical Cats by Andrew Lloyd Webber, first produced in London's West End in 1981 and opening on Broadway the following year.[76]. These scenes, titled Fragment of a Prologue (1926) and Fragment of an Agon (1927), were published together in 1932 as Sweeney Agonistes. See, for example, Eliot, T. S. (21 December 2010). This introduced him to Jules Laforgue, Arthur Rimbaud, and Paul Verlaine. Dawson, J. L., P. D. Holland & D. J. McKitterick. Bush notes that the piece was at first correctly perceived as a work of jazz-like syncopation—and, like 1920s jazz, essentially iconoclastic. "[67] The poem is often read as a representation of the disillusionment of the post-war generation. All of T. S. Eliot Poems. Eliot's most famous works were published near the beginning of his career. He himself wrote in his 1940 essay on W.B. Upon his return, he arranged for a formal separation from her, avoiding all but one meeting with her between his leaving for America in 1932 and her death in 1947. The writer Ronald Bush notes that Eliot's early poems like "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock", "Portrait of a Lady", "La Figlia Che Piange", "Preludes", and "Rhapsody on a Windy Night" had "[an] effect [that] was both unique and compelling, and their assurance staggered [Eliot's] contemporaries who were privileged to read them in manuscript. [44] When Eliot heard of the donation he deposited his own account of their relationship with Harvard University to be opened whenever the Princeton letters were. Volume I. Ed. They kept their wedding secret; the ceremony was held in St. Barnabas' Church, Kensington, London,[50] at 6:15 am with virtually no one in attendance other than his wife's parents. [102][103] In "Gerontion", Eliot writes, in the voice of the poem's elderly narrator, "And the jew squats on the window sill, the owner [of my building] / Spawned in some estaminet of Antwerp. Looking for books by T.S. Vivienne was committed to the Northumberland House mental hospital in Woodberry Down, Manor House, London, in 1938, and remained there until she died. Edwin Muir maintained that it is one of the most moving poems Eliot wrote, and perhaps the "most perfect", though it was not well received by everyone. Read it aloud. The narrator focuses particularly on the poet's art of manipulating "Words [which] strain, / Crack and sometimes break, under the burden [of time], under the tension, slip, slide, perish, decay with imprecision, [and] will not stay in place, / Will not stay still." We’re going to free your mind with our amazing data base that we’ve set up to help you find solutions to lots of clues, among them TS Eliot works about animal giving a lump in the throat . In 1925, he collected The Waste Land and the poems in Prufrock and Poems into one volume and added The Hollow Men to form Poems: 1909–1925. [74], Many critics were particularly enthusiastic about "Ash-Wednesday". TS Eliot - collected poems TS Eliot was awarded the Nobel prize for literature in 1948, bracketed by the novelists Andre Gide and William Faulkner. / Money in furs. Each poem is associated with one of the four classical elements, respectively: air, earth, water, and fire. From this background, the Quartets end with an affirmation of Julian of Norwich: "All shall be well and / All manner of thing shall be well. T S Eliot Biography - Thomas Stearns Eliot, was a British essayist, publisher, playwright, literary and social critic, and one of the twentieth century's major poets. [88][89], His 1922 poem The Waste Land[90] also can be better understood in light of his work as a critic. [32] Eliot and Wyndham Lewis also maintained a close friendship, leading to Lewis's later making his well-known portrait painting of Eliot in 1938. [72] The "continuous parallel between contemporaneity and antiquity" that is so characteristic of his mythical method remained in fine form. T.S. His unique and innovative evocations of the folly and poetry of humanity helped reshape modern literature, with poems such as "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock," included here, and most notably, the title poem, "The Waste Land," his ground breaking masterpiece of postwar decay and redemption. He writes, "Sometimes regarded as too academic (William Carlos Williams's view), Eliot was also frequently criticized for a deadening neoclassicism (as he himself—perhaps just as unfairly—had criticized Milton). "[70] It is Eliot's major poem of the late 1920s. This case has been presented most forcefully in a study by Anthony Julius: T. S. Eliot, Anti-Semitism, and Literary Form (1996). Louis. Eliot starts work as a foreign account manager at Lloyds Bank in London, his employer for the next decade. Eliot influenced many poets, novelists, and songwriters, including Seán Ó Ríordáin, Máirtín Ó Díreáin, Virginia Woolf, Ezra Pound, Bob Dylan, Hart Crane, William Gaddis, Allen Tate, Andrew Lloyd Webber, Trevor Nunn, Ted Hughes, Geoffrey Hill, Seamus Heaney, Russell Kirk,[112] George Seferis (who in 1936 published a modern Greek translation of The Waste Land) and James Joyce. Without Verlaine, Eliot wrote, he might never have heard of Tristan Corbière and his book Les amours jaunes, a work that affected the course of Eliot's life. [However] his range as a poet [was] limited, and his interest in the great middle ground of human experience (as distinct from the extremes of saint and sinner) [was] deficient." Before the poem's publication as a book in December 1922, Eliot distanced himself from its vision of despair. "T. S. Eliot's Life and Career", in John A Garraty and Mark C. 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